Zardozi Embroidery

I was digging around in my library as a result of a question I was asked earlier this week. I was wondering what the earliest known example of gold work found in Europe is? Anyone have references for this?

This was provoked by a question about Zardozi Embroidery a Persian form of gold embroidery that dates to before the Mughal empire. This form of embroidery was revived in India in the middle of the last century but the supply of gold purl became a problem. You have probably seen this type of embroidery as it became very popular in the sixties and collectors started to take an interest then. Currently in India this type of embroidery is enjoying a fashion revival. It is still applied to bridal wear In the past a sari embroidered in this style of metal thread embroiderycould weigh up to 15 kilos

Some terms and snippits about Zardozi embroidery for the next textile trivia night you may run:
The gold or silver wire used in this type of work is called badla and the metal disks used in this type of embroidery is called a Tikki.

Gold work in Europe has a long and interesting story – dating back to the 9th century and developing into a full scale industry by the 14th century. The Opus Anglicanum is considered to be one of the peak periods in embroidery. The history of gold and silver thread is itself an interesting story.

And finally here are some tips from someone who has worked this way.

Kumihimo, a little knitted pony, dyes and heaps more in the new Handspinners ezine

This morning coffee in hand, I opened my mail and Maureen had left a comment to draw my attention to a pattern for a little knitted pony. Maureen described it as ‘the cutest’ it is. If I was old enough to be a grandmother – or young enough to be the mother of a toddler – I would be digging out the knitting needles today. I know it’s supposed to be made from horsehair but I would try some wool I had to hand.

Have a poke around the new handspinners site as there is heaps of good information on it, such as an article on dyes. The other article I was excited about discovering directions for was the Kumihimo on a card.

For simply an age I have been meaning to put directions on how to do this online. I even have the photos taken, scanned and sitting on my hard drive but have not got around to writing up the instructions. So I was pleased to see the information published and free available as that means I don’t have to do it. You see I felt obligated as I promised someone a couple of months ago to put the directions up but have not as yet done so.

So visit Handspinners as a new ezine with a focus on natural fiber it is well produced with good content. Apart from articles, they house a gallery and spinners forum.

Visual Journals

Since I am always babbling on about working in visual journals I thought I would drag them out and take a photo of them – well, it attracts peoples attention, if only for a moment.

This was in part prompted by a conversation I had with a work colleague the other day. He was saying that he works on much on screen now that most of his drawing goes on in a digital environment and seldom on paper. He was saying he felt it was a loss. I agree with him. I find I work in both environments as different things happen in a visual journal to what happens on screen. On screen it is easy to move in particular directions following a line of thought quickly, knocking out ideas and capturing them when they are popping about like pop corn. However, what I do try to do is take the idea and also work it up in my visual journal as I have learnt that often an idea will take on another direction again. Drawing by hand is a far more reflective process its slow and thoughtful producing a different quality of work. I usually take this back into a digital medium and work again – backwards and forwards until I feel right about it. That’s what I mean by different things happen during both processes.

Like any skill the more you use your creative eye, hand and mind the better your skills become. Just as an athlete will train the body a creative person will benefit from training the eye. If you don’t use these ‘muscles’ they will wither. Creative activity does not simply happen it’s a skill developed and used constantly – the more you look at your surroundings the more you will see. Once a skill is developed it is a case of use it or lose it.

Before I ramble on too much turning an introduction into an essay, this morning I wanted to do a general round up of resources online visual journals. No doubt there are more but here are a few that may be of interest. Firstly, if you are interested in keeping a visual journal have a look at Everyday matters by Danny Gregory as this site about drawing and keeping a visual journal. Also swing by Molskinerie for lots of examples of how people keep visual journals. These two sites alone will keep you busy for hours. If you are looking for a bit more inspiration have a look at the 1000 Journals site. There is 1000 blank journals circulating throughout the world, like a huge round robbin, people everywhere are adding to their pages and passing them on. It’s a great project if you have not seen it before do visit it.

People keep visual journals for various reasons. Illustrated Watercolour journaling points out why it is a useful practice to keep a visual journal. Creating a Journal, as an artists book is one way people go.
Many people however keep a visual journal of what is seen or observed during that day or week (like Danny Gregory). Some people combine a written diary and journal together. Here is a little history about the practice of keeping a diary.

If you are more of a writer keeping a regular journal may be the way you would like to go. Check out Heather Blakey’s Soul Food Cafe for lots of journal writing tips (and she has a visual journal section too). The other site that is well known because it is so worthwhile is the Wish jar journal its simply a great well written blog worth reading. Journal for you also houses a number of interesting writing prompts in their article archives.

Tips from me:
Include in your visual journal painting, drawing, collage and also experiment with favourite colours, textures, patterns, shapes, and symbols. Using different techniques and approaches such as painting, drawing, photography, collage, print making, stamping and calligraphy. Experiment with different media such as watercolour, watercolour pencil, acrylic paint, oil crayons, pastel. Push your mark making, stipple, splatter, hatch and use tonal drawing techniques. Drip paint ink etc. Employ resists using oil and wax crayons. While you are at it experiment with layout and design. Include photos, photocopies of photos, computer print outs or do a photo transfer.

During this process keep notes FOR YOURSELF on new tools, techniques and media. Include research notes, web articles, research areas of interest and, other sources. Include fabric and thread swatches, notes on dyes and dye baths with samples and swatches for future reference. Make notes on how particular fabrics and threads behaves. Keep technique notes and paste in samples from workshops and experiments you do.

Finally do revisit your thoughts and rework ideas – filter and condense material by drawing and rewriting, summarizing as you go to get to the core of what you are trying to represent.

If these ideas aren’t enough here are some more visual journal prompts are sprinkled through this blog .

The last photo is simple to demonstrate that there is actually something in these notebooks!