How to work Oyster Stitch


oyster stitch sampleOyster stitch is a member of the chain stitch family and although it looks complex but it is not difficult. Oyster stitch is also very versatile as you can often adapt it to use in situations where you would use chain stitch. It creates a textured slightly raised stitch that is fun to work and adds variety to your hand embroidery. You can also work a beaded variety. I wrote a tutorial on Beaded oyster stitch here

oyster stitch sample8

Step by step instructions on how to do Oyster Stitch

You start Oyster stitch with a twisted chain stitch.

oyster stitch step by step tutorial 1Commence by bringing the thread to the front of the fabric, insert the needle, take a bit of fabric with the tip pointed downwards. Wrap the needle as you would a twisted chain in other words cross the working thread over the needle, then wrap the thread under the needle.

oyster stitch step by step tutorial 2Pull the needle through the fabric to create a twisted chain stitch. Pull your working thread snug, until the loop lies flat but not tight it pulls on the fabric.

oyster stitch step by step tutorial 3Pass the needle under the right-hand top thread above the loop that has formed. Slide the needle through without picking up the foundation fabric.

oyster stitch step by step tutorial 4Pull the thread through.

oyster stitch step by step tutorial 5Insert the needle through the fabric at the top of the stitch, with the needle pointed downwards, slide it behind the knot, so that the needle exists the cloth at the base as illustrated.

oyster stitch step by step tutorial 6Loop the thread under the needle (as you would for a chain stitch) and pull the needle through.

oyster stitch step by step tutorial 7Repeat this process  if you want to use the stitch as a linear stitch or you can use this stitch as you would a detached chain stitch.

oyster stitch step by step tutorial 8It can be used as buds in floral motifs, or worked in a circle with the stitches pointing outwards to create flowers.

oyster stitch sample 5
If you extend the last tie off stitch that secures the chain, to a long straight stitch you have another variety.

oyster stitch sample 6

You can use these pointed towards the middle of circle or outwards to crate daisy and flower like motifs.

oyster stitch sample 4These samples were worked using a cotton perle #5 thread that is variegated.

oyster stitch sample 9Oyster stitch will follow a curve well as it is a member of the chain stitch family.

oyster stitch sample7It has a highly textured appearance so sprinklings of this stitch in contemporary work produces a nobly relief particularly when worked in a thread with a good twist or a fine ribbon.

oyster stitch sample 3And of course it is great in crazy quilting

I hope you enjoy the stitch!


  1. The oyster stitch is so pretty. There are so many things to create with it. I will set down and try it today. I imagine it will look more impressive with a good thickness of thread. You open up so many creative juices with your tutorials. Thank you. patty

    Patty j.
  2. My results for week 22 to 30 are uploaded. I really got the kick out of oyster stitch which was new to me like bonnet stitch and basque stitch. Great to get to know them!

    Brigitte Otto
  3. Dear Sharon,
    I caught up with my TAST-piece this morning. I may have found my Nemesis: Basque stitch. I just couldn’t get the tension right. I did like bonnet stitch as it produces nice outlines. Oyster stitch was ok, but a bit too messy to my taste. I can see this stitch being very effective as a flower bud, though. My favourite was clearly the up and down buttonhole stitch. It is sure to become a stitch I will use more and more in my stitching.
    Have a nice day, Jessica

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