What hand embroidery supplies do I need?

What hand embroidery supplies do I need?

What hand embroidery supplies do you need to start stitching? I’m often asked this, and, with TAST (Take a stitch Tuesday) restarting next year, there are loads of new people signing up, joining the Facebook group and getting themselves organised. So I thought I would share some of my personal views on what you will need to start learning hand embroidery.

Hand embroidery supplies – Fabrics

Of course, first up you need something to stitch on. Beginners are often pointed toward specialty even-weave fabrics that are manufactured for hand embroiderers. Specialty fabrics can be expensive and could put you off the whole idea of trying hand embroidery. When I say expensive – I do mean expensive. For example, in Australia for one meter of 32 count Belfast linen, you will pay between $90 to $110.  That is not cheap if you are starting out and trying embroidery as an experiment. Honestly, you don’t need to learn on these expensive fabrics. I will say more about specialty fabrics later in this article but first, let’s look at a few alternative hand embroidery supplies for anyone interested in exploring surface embroidery on a budget.

Time to go shopping and see what hand embroidery supplies you can get on a budget – at least that’s what I told my DH 😉  . I was looking for fabrics suitable for surface embroidery, that were economical and relatively easily found. The idea is to look for similar fabrics, not identical fabrics. My idea is to encourage people to try hand embroidery. I didn’t want to create a supplies list that fell into the “too hard” basket so that people put aside the idea before even starting.

Before I go any further, I am not affiliated with any of the products I recommend. This is just what I discovered in an afternoon’s shopping. I realise that what I have access to in Australia will be different if you live in Europe or the United States but hopefully you will be able to find something similar and adapt it to your needs. It gives you an idea of what to look for and where you might find fabrics that can be used on starter projects or for a sampler.

In Australia, we have two large chains that supply dress fabrics, haberdashery, threads, etc. These are Spotlight and Lincraft. Aussies will know these chains and I am sure people in other countries will have similar large retailers. In both cases, I looked for dress fabrics that would be good for surface embroidery. So head to the dress fabric aisle for a good look round.

There is quite range in both stores and I could have chosen handspun cotton and many cotton dress fabrics. If you choose cotton, look for how it is woven. You don’t want a really tight weave with high thread count. Fabric with a high number of threads-per-inch makes it difficult to use larger needles. Put simply, they can be tough to push through the fabric – you want a slightly looser weave, but not so loose that you see great holes in it. Many synthetics have a high thread count and are slippery making them a difficult starter fabric. I would steer clear of them if you are new to embroidery. Once you have a little experience you can embroider on just about anything.

hand embroidery supplies linen
Dress linen purchased in Spotlight

In Spotlight, I found this dress/shirt linen which, although thin, would be perfectly suitable for a small project or sampler. As you can see from the photograph, it has a slight slub and is a warm oatmeal colour which I liked. This fabric was marked and sold as cotton linen as you can see from the bolt label. It is 55% cotton and 45% linen. It was on sale and half a meter cost me $6.

hand embroidery supplies dress linen
Dress linen on the bolt at Spotlight

The second large chain I visited was Lincraft where I discovered this bone/stone coloured fabric. It was described as shirt linen but if you look at the fibre composition it is the same linen/cotton mix but comes from a different country of origin. Spotlight dress linen is from India and Lincraft sources its dress linen from China.

hand embroidery supplies linen lincraft
Dress linen purchased at Lincraft

I paid $8 for a half meter. Both these fabrics came in a range of colours. I have chosen these neutrals as I plan to stitch a few comparison samples on them in the course of next year.

hand embroidery suppliesdress linen
Bolt label from the dress linen I purchased in Lincraft

I also reach for neutrals as these are always easily hand dyed. Procion dyes will colour these fabrics if I want them in a different shade. So, after checking out both chains, they both offer similar options. They would certainly do the job, but I thought there might be other options. Time to think creatively!

hand embroidery supplies serviette
An IKEA serviette suitable for hand embroidery

The next place I went browsing in was IKEA where I found a serviette or placemat cloth called MARKNAD. I always check the label for fabric composition and discovered it was a cotton-linen blend. This made it ideal, and in Australia is priced at $2.99. It has the advantage of being already hemmed for you! It would make a perfect sampler cloth.

hand embroidery suppliesserviette
Ikea serviette fabric content details

Another IKEA product discovered on the same shopping trip is a MARKNAD table runner which measures 40×140 cm or 16×55 inches. It is also a linen-cotton mix and priced at AU $4.99 – a good price.

hand embroidery suppliestable runner
An IKEA table-runner that is ideal for hand embroidery

Both of these cloths would make an ideal surface for a beginner to learn hand embroidery. IKEA always provides good information about the fabric content of their products. If you can not see it immediately on their labelling, you can always google it.

hand embroidery suppliestable runner
An IKEA table-runner fabric content details

Also while in IKEA, I checked out the curtain department and found a linen fabric that was 150 cm wide (which is 1.6 yards) priced $12.99. It was firm, but not too firm for hand embroidery. If I was going to use this, I would wash it first but then I like a soft drape to my fabric. For linen, it was very reasonably priced.

hand embroidery supplies curtaining
Linen found in the curtain department of Ikea

LENDA fabric was even cheaper at $7.99 and being 100% cotton white fabric had the advantage of probably taking dye beautifully too.

hand embroidery supplies curtain cotton
Cotton from the curtain department in IKEA suitable for hand embroidery

I also looked for tea towels, as in the past I have often found that the fabric used in their tea towels makes it an ideal foundation fabric for hand embroidery projects. But today I was not in luck.

hand embroidery suppliesrecycled fabric
recycled cloth from a shirt found in a charity shop

Recycled linens can often be found in second-hand charity shops. I have never had a problem using second-hand materials. I wash everything thoroughly, and let’s face it, reusing old garments is good for the environment. I decided to venture into my local charity shop (they know me well). On the discount rack, I found a very boring looking shirt for $2. Washed and ironed it would make a perfect surface to embroider.

hand embroidery supplies vintage table cloth
Vintage linen tablecloth suitable for hand embroidery

Another piece I found was an old tablecloth. These are always a find because they are linen and often still very strong. Many are projects that were never finished so they haven’t been used. You can usually spot them, as they have an edge that is meant to be finished with crochet. I take these home wash them well using a hot wash setting and hang them in the sunshine. They are not an even-weave linen but they are ideal for surface embroidery!

Even-weave fabrics are created especially for hand embroiderers. There are many types of linen, cotton and linen-cotton mixes of varying counts. They are lovely to use but many are expensive. You can buy them in your local needlework shop or if you do not have access to a local store, then shop online. Google is your friend – a search of needlework fabric will bring up results for your area.

What about Aida? Honestly, I don’t recommend Aida for surface embroidery. Aida is great for cross stitch – that is what it is designed for, but it is a fabric with a firm grid. Although this is great for lining up your stitches and keeping them straight, there are often times when you want to work a nice curve. Aida will stall this. Working a curve leads to a jagged edge and it becomes dissatisfying. So keep Aida for cross stitch and have fun exploring other fabrics for surface embroidery.

hand embroidery supplies
Even-weave fabric

This is another even-weave cotton linen mix fabric which is an oatmeal colour. You can find a range of even-weave fabrics that range from off-white to antique cream or a natural palette. You can also find a range of coloured fabrics but most of what you see on the market is on the conservative side. I also hand dye linens to brighten things up a bit if I am getting bored with what is on offer.

hand embroidery supplies linen

Linen itself is often very expensive. As I have already said, in Australia you will pay between $90 to $110 for a meter of Belfast Linen. Dublin and Cashel linen is about the same price.  You can often buy packs cut in smaller sizes so you don’t have to fork out that much in one go. But I am sure you can see what drove me to offer the advice above. I know when I was younger I could not have afforded to stitch on linen – no matter how small the piece was!

However, I do suggest that once you have a stitching habit established and know this is a pastime you enjoy, it’s worth lashing out to buy some. Try it, as it is by far my favourite fabric to hand sew. As a tip, do keep your eye on eBay. And I regularly shop overseas for my linen. I can often buy linen from the United States, for example, and have it shipped – and still be ahead on cost. With some of the bargain sites, you may need to watch where the linen is manufactured, because different countries produce different quality linen. If the linen you are buying is a good brand name such as Zweigart you will get a good quality product but if the linen is simply listed as the fabric (no brand name) I would be suspicious.

Just a quick tip: you will find that linen can fray very easily. To prevent this I simply run a line of zig-zag stitching down the side. You will also find it is starched to make it easier to stitch but some people hate this (I do). It is not a problem, just wash out the starch and you will have a lovely soft fabric to handle and stitch.

hand embroidery supplies lugana cloth
Even-weave Lugana fabric

I have pulled from my stash some Lugana 25 count fabric that is manufactured by Zweigart. It is made of 52% cotton & 48% rayon. In Australia, you pay between $45 and $55 a meter for Lugana. So it is an economical substitute for speciality needlework linen, when you think of linen as being double the price.

 What does count mean?

What do we mean by ‘count’? You’ll find this term in reference to even-weave needlework fabric. You might hear someone say “You need to work this on 14 count” or “It is 32 count”. Count, is simply the number of threads per inch. If you ever have fabric for which you don’t know the count, you can work it out easily.  Line up a tape measure against the fabric and count the threads! It is that simple.

hand embroidery suppliesthreadcount
To work out thread count you simply count the threads per inch in the weave of the fabric

If you want to check that a fabric is even-weave, the number of threads should be the same across and down.

hand embroidery supplies thread count
Even-weave means the thread count is the same across and down the fabric

If  you are wanting to do cross stitch on even-weave fabrics you work each bar of the cross over two threads

Hand embroidery supplies – Needles

To carry the thread through the fabric you will, of course, need needles. This means you will have to check out those large chains for what they have on offer, or visit your local needlework shop. If you do not have access to either, then Google is your friend. Look online as there are many businesses that can help you. But the range of needle types can be confusing!

hand embroidery supplies needles
Crewel or Embroidery needles

Crewel or Embroidery Needles

Buy a mixed packet of crewel needles as this type of needle you will use all the time. Sometimes these are packaged as ‘Embroidery’ needles. A crewel needle has a sharp tip with a medium eye.  I suggest buying a mixed size pack so you can use different thicknesses of thread.

Tapestry Needles

hand embroidery supplies tapestry needles
Tapestry needles

I recommend you invest in some tapestry needles. Buy a pack of mixed sizes as many surface embroidery stitches can be laced and threaded with a secondary thread. Take a look at the Threaded Cable Chain stitch or Twisted Lattice Band tutorials.

These are just two examples of stitches where a secondary thread is used to lace or thread a basic stitch. In both cases, you use a tapestry needle to avoid splitting the foundation threads because a tapestry needle has a blunt tip. A tapestry needle also has a larger eye so the thread you use to lace with can be any of the many novelty threads, or fine knitting yarns, enhancing the stitch, making your work unique.

For those embarking on the TAST challenge, I also recommend getting some size 26 tapestry needles so that you can have fun with some of the beaded stitches. With a size 26 tapestry needle, you can bead as you stitch. Since the eye of a tapestry needle is long, you can thread perle #8 and Perle #5 through the long eye. However the needle itself is thin which means you can add a bead to your working thread as you stitch. Here are some stitches that use this technique: Beaded Buttonhole stitch, Beaded Looped Cretan stitch, and Beaded Oyster Stitch. These stitches are found in my stitch dictionary. If you browse the tutorials you will find there are many ways to adapt change and have fun with stitches if you have some basic tools to help you.

hand embroidery supplies milliner needles
Milliners needles

Milliner or Straw Needle

The last type of needle I am going to recommend you buy is a mixed pack of milliner needles as they are very useful for many of the knotted stitches. Most embroidery needles have an eye that is wider than the shaft of the needle which means any stitch that wraps the thread around the needle often runs the risk of getting too tight to pull the thread through. Milliners or straw needles have an eye and shaft that are the same width which makes sliding the wrapped or knotted stitch along the needle easy. I recommend mixed packs because it gives you the option of experimenting with different thickness of thread.

hand embroidery supplies thread
Cotton perle #12, #8 and #5 thread. These are balls but cotton perle also comes in skeins

Hand embroidery supplies – Thread

Most beginners use stranded cotton floss because it is cheap, easily accessible and comes in a huge variety of colours. Stranded floss comes in skeins that can be separated. There are six strands of thread, but people usually use two strands at a time. Stranded threads are great for cross stitch but I recommend you purchase some cotton Perle thread. In a class situation, I usually recommend #12, #8 and #5. Cotton Perle will make a difference to your embroidery as the firm twist of the thread makes the stitches sit firm and, if used in a textured stitch, cotton perle will sit a little more proud of the fabric.

If you are on a really tight budget, consider working in monotone – such as whites and creams or blues or neutral shades. If you only purchase fabric and cotton in similar shades, it works out cheaper because you don’t have to buy lots of different threads. Many threads of many colours is fun but it can be expensive. I often encourage beginners to experiment with different thicknesses of threads and different types threads. If you stick to one colour range it can keep the costs down. Once you have explored hand embroidery and know it is something you want to do more of, why not lash out and buy threads of all sorts – they really can make life and your stitching interesting!

Hand embroidery supplies – Hoop

I really encourage people to use a hoop. Hoops keep your tension even, and there are many stitches and embroidery styles that require good control over tension. So I always encourage people to learn with a hoop. I have a tutorial on How to bind and Use an Embroidery Hoop – it covers the basics and what you need to know.

Hand embroidery supplies – pens and markers to transfer your design to fabric

There will be times when you want to mark your fabric. I recommend that you use one of the fabric markers which can be washed off when you have finished the project. One thing to remember with these markers, is not to iron the project until you have washed them away. For many, heat will set the mark. There are quite a few on the market so check out your local needlework store and see what they have on offer. I have also used quilters pencils. Some people do not like to use these products because they worry about chemical residue left on the fabrics and I have heard stories of the blue pens particularly, re-appearing but remember with surface embroidery you stitch over the line you have marked so will most likely not see it on the finished project.

If you need to know how to do it, I have a tutorial on How to Transfer Embroidery patterns to fabric.

With some projects, I know I will stitch over the lines and they will be totally hidden. In these cases I use a permanent pen. Before I use them I always test that the pens will not run or partially wash out. I use Staedtler pigment liners, Copic multiliner, and Faber Castell Pitt artist pens. These all work about the same. They come in a very fine point and are waterproof.

Hand embroidery supplies – Scissors

Apart from having a pair of scissors to cut your fabric, you will need a pair of small embroidery scissors. Embroidery scissors have a small very sharp blade that allows you to snip close to the fabric. You will find there are different types of embroidery scissors – straight tip, curved, duck blades, hook blades and snippers and clippers of all kinds. It can be confusing!  All you need to start is small pair of straight scissors that are sharp. Make sure they have a good snip to them. By this I mean they can trim a thread close to your work neatly. If they are designed for embroidery and are a reasonably good brand they will be able to do this. As you venture more into embroidery, you can experiment with some of the many types of scissors on the market.

I hope this advice about the basic equipment and hand embroidery supplies helps you embark upon a long enjoyable journey into the world of stitching. Hand embroidery is fun and does not have to be expensive or so daunting to start. Once you have all your stuff together, you might like to join TAST (Take a Stitch Tuesday) which will start up again in January 2018. The first 10 – 20 stitches will be the basic stitches that the craft builds on. Once you have those under your belt, you have the skills to develop in whatever direction you want to grow in. No need for signups just join in and have fun.

Or head over to my stitch dictionary and try out a few stitches. Try them out on a scrap piece of cloth – some stitches call them doodle cloths. The idea is to try just a few stitches on a cloth that does not matter before using it on project.  Or start a small sampler and explore what is possible with needle and thread. No matter what, the idea is to have fun – and that is the most important thing

Have you seen my book?

holding my book in front of quilt

My book The Visual Guide to Crazy Quilting Design: Simple Stitches, Stunning Results  shares detailed practical methods on how to design and make a crazy quilt. Topics such as fabric choice, tricky challenges like balancing colour, texture and pattern, and how to create movement to direct your viewer’s eye around the block are covered in detail. I also explain how to stitch and build decorative seam treatments in interesting and creative ways. My book is profusely illustrated as my aim is to be practical and inspiring.

Stitchers templates

My templates aim to help take your stitching to the next level. Designed by an embroiderer for embroiderers. With them you can create hundreds of different hand embroidery patterns to embellish your seams  with flair. These templates are easy to use, made of clear plastic so you can position them easily and are compact in your sewing box.

using my stitchers Templates set 2These are simple to use. You simply position the template in place and use a quilter’s pencil to trace along the edge of the template. Stitch along this line to decorate the seam. I have a free ebook of patterns to accompany each set which illustrates how they can be used.

TO ORDER your Stitchers Templates

Crazy Quilt Templates set 1 you will find here 
Crazy Quilt Templates set 2 you will find here 






  1. Thank you, Sharon, for freely sharing your wisdom and knowledge, and for creating TAST for beginners and beyond. I’m a newbie, and your info here and in your books is a treasure!
    Happy New Year!!!

    K Johnson
  2. Thank you for this article – very informative! I have been saving your emails for several years now and I think it is time to get started. I am not new to stitching, but I feel there is always something to learn something from the experts. I am looking forward to spending some time on your site. Happy New Year and thank you again!

    Eva Lyn Williams
  3. What a great piece of information for new embroiders, loved the idea of using ikea fabric. Also found nice new ideas in the comment section.
    Thanks for being that helpful.
    Regards, Samia

    Samia Farooq
  4. I am so excited to have found you. I’m an experienced sewist without anyone to sew for.Through the yrs I’ve knitted, crocheted, cross stitched, done neddlepoint, macrame, smocked, but have had the fires stirred on the internet. I was envious of the apparently extensive fabric arts popular in Europe and apparently in Australia! Thanks for this article. I’m already on Amazon for your book earlier in the day and will purchase set 1 of your templates. I’ll have to find your TAST series too! And your stitch dictionary! I’m 65 and I’m so excited! Thank you!

    Sally Nemetz
  5. I have been lurking here for quite a while, learning from you, buying templates, and also your beautiful book., but this is the first time l have commented.
    This post on fabric is just brilliant. I have linen stash from Spotlight, but never thought of Ikea. A quick dash there yesterday and l came home with a serviette and table runner. I have done some surface embroidery in the past but decided to follow Tast this time as l could certainly improve my stitches.
    Thank you so much for sharing your knowledge with us, Sharon.

    Sandra Bennett
    1. Sandra Bennett thanks so much for a lovely comment – I appreciate it and I am pleased you found the article useful enough to check out Ikea! happy stitching in 2018

  6. What a calm, clear, concise post on tools! I found your blog late in the year, and am looking forward to TAST 2018! I’m getting back into embroidery after seeing the wonderful work people are doing, and am eager to expand my meager stitch vocabulary. Thanks for lending your time and expertise.

    1. Will you have a TAST in 2020? I just found this yesterday and would love to participate. I have worked with knitting, cross stitch and some needlepoint. I would love to make a sampler.
      Thank you so much for sharing your talents.

  7. Some great ideas here. I considered purchasing some of the Ikea curtain weight linen but as it felt quite rough, I thought it might shred any thread I was using. A problem I have encountered before with some cheap linen. I have found cotton/linen fabric at many quilting shops that would be suitable for lighter weight embroidery.

    Melissa Butterworth
    1. Interesting Melissa as I have never had that happen but then thinking about it I often wash my linen as I dont like sizing in fabrics (personal quirk) I will be using these pieces of fabrics throughout the year so I will be able to review any problems then.

  8. Thank you for this great post. I have struggled with identifying the correct fabrics to use for my embroidery as I am a beginner. I have already bought some very expensive linen but I shall order some of the Ikea napkins to make samplers for TAST. A super idea.

  9. I habitually embroider with tapestry needles because I have grabby toddlers around, and it generally works fine, even on fairly tightly-woven fabric. Felt is a pain, though. Probably some of my lines aren’t quite as smooth as they could be if I could split the thread, but realistically they were never going to be perfect anyway.

    I like tea towels for embroidery, but I also use the printed fat quarters (quilter’s cotton, I think) sold for a couple dollars each at most craft stores (especially for headbands) and I’ve also torn up an old bed sheet before.

    1. Hi Caitlyn yes tea towels are good – in fact when I was in Ikea I was looking for some so I could show them but what was there was a waffle weave and I wanted to demonstrate what people could find so left them out but they are good.

  10. I’ve been stitching Redwork for many years making quilts, throws & pillows
    & finialy decided to join in the TAST for 2018 even though I’ve followed it for a couple of yrs I’ve never joined in. I’ve always backed my stitching with a light weight fusable interfacing & a light spritz of spray starch on the front. I used a med weight Kona cotton, it comes in some pretty colors although I usually used white, cream & ecru. I may just branch out & try something new.
    I’m looking forward to the new year, new threads, stitches & friends.

    Becca G
    1. Becca – if that works for you that is great – me I am not a interface and starch type person but everyone will have their own way of doing stuff that is why the stitching world is so interesting. Welcome and have fun with TAST

  11. Great article Sharon, thank you. Any hints or techniques for removing hoop marks on silk or linen? I love using a hoop but have had issues with this in the past, particularly dupion silk. I make sure I only leave the fabric in the hoop while I’m stitching.

    1. For silk I often just iron out the hoop mark -Synthetics you often cant iron but natural fabrics you can. So cotton linen silk etc I always iron – place the work face down on a bath towel and iron the edges where the marks are. Or just hang it in the bathroom and let steam do its work ie Shower without the exhaust fan running. For other tips wrap a hoop – Read the article that I link to about wrapping a hoop and don’t leave your work in the hoop while not stitching. They would be the main bits of advice.

    1. What a great informative piece. A boon for beginners and some oldies too!

      I have been embroidering for ages but I am going to join TAST next year be because I love what you do!

      Best wishes

      Margaret Clancy
  12. Wow, wow, wow!! What a great article for beginners like me–especially the information about the problems of stitching curves on Aida cross stitch fabric. Previously I zeroed in on the “even weave” word and remembered that I had lots of unused Aida cloth–that’s what I had intended to get started with. So thank you for helping me avoid a future frustration!

    Later this week I’ll order your book and templates (I need all the help I can get!).

    Thank you so much for taking the time to write your wonderful articles; they’re so informative and easy to understand.

    Barb Flavin

    Barb Flavin
  13. Quite a few of us stitchers use quilters cotton to stitch on. You can get a quality high thread count cotton. One is called Kona cotton. I also use a backing fabric to add body. Do any of you use backing fabric?

    Jackie Lott
    1. HI Jackie many quilters back their fabrics as they like something firmer. I don’t deter people from doing it but the only time I have seen embroiderers do it is when they are doing something like beading on fine fabric like silk. Generally for surface embroidery on cotton it’s not ‘done’. But many of the old rules are not applied these days. Also high count cotton can be harder to sew – as I said in the article. I would not naturally gravitate to it but many people do.

  14. Fantastic summary Sharon of what we need for January! I have shared it with my friend Rosie as she and I will be starting our Pintangle TAST. I have started before but with Rosie alongside I think I may get further as we shall spur each other on!

    Lainie Windust

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

%d bloggers like this: